At work I'm writing an API using Django/DRF. Suddenly I had to write an application (just a few pages for calling a few endpoints), so I (ab)used DRF's Serializers to build them. One of the problems I faced while doing this was that DRF's ChoiceField accepts only a sequence with the values for the dropdown, unlike Django's, who also accepts callables. This means that once you gave it a set of values, it never ever changes, at least until you restart the application.

Unless, of course, you cheat. Or hack. Aren't those synonyms?

class UpdatedSequence:
    def __init__(self, update_func):
        self.update_func = update_func
        self.restart = True = None
        self.index = 0

    def __iter__(self):
        # we're our own iterator
        return self

    def __next__(self):
        # if we're iterating from the beginning, call the function
        # and cache the result
        if self.restart:
   = self.update_func()
            self.index = 0

            datum =[self.index]
        except IndexError:
            # we reached the limit, start all over
            self.restart = True
            raise StopIteration
            self.index += 1
            self.restart = False

        return datum

This simple class tracks when you start iterating over it and calls the function you pass to obtain the data. Then it iterates over the result. When you reach the end, it marks it to start all over, so the next time you iterate over it, it will call the function again. The function you pass can be the all() method of a QuerySet or anything else that goes fetch data and returns an iterable.

In my case in particular, I also added a TimedCache so I don't read twice the db to fill two dropdown with the same info in the same form:

class TimedCache:
    '''A function wrapper that caches the result for a while.'''
    def __init__(self, f, timeout):
        self.f = f
        self.timeout = timeout
        self.last_executed = None
        self.cache = None
        self.__name__ = f.__name__ + ' (Cached %ds)' % timeout

    def __call__(self):
        now = time.monotonic()

        if self.cache is None or (now - self.last_executed) > self.timeout:
            self.cache = self.f()
            self.last_executed = now

        return self.cache

I hope this helps someone.

python django drf